Currently, no treatment is available to manage dry AMD. Health and diet modification including daily eye vitamin intake (called AREDS Eye Vitamins), wearing sunglasses with 100% UV protection, daily intake of green leafy vegetables, daily exercise, and maintaining a Mediterranean diet have been shown to slow the progression of dry AMD.
Studies funded by the National Institutes of Health, called the Age-Related Eye Disease Study (AREDS 1 and 2), sought to answer the question of whether taking daily vitamins and/or minerals could prevent, treat or cure AMD. Findings indicated:
- High levels of antioxidants and zinc can reduce the risk of vision loss from advanced AMD by at least 25% (patients with intermediate dry AMD or advanced dry AMD).
- Supplements do not provide significant benefit to patients with minimal or early dry AMD.
- These nutritional supplements do not prevent the initial development of AMD, nor do they improve vision already lost to AMD.
Fortunately, there are ways to manage wet AMD. Intravitreal anti-VEGF injections, such as Avastin (Bevacizumab), Lucentis, and Eylea, have been proven to reduce macular leakage and abnormal vascular growth, slowing vision loss and—at times—even improving it (in about 50% of patients).